Video modelling has been used successfully with children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder to teach many new skills, including appropriate social skills. But this visual instruction can be used with people of a range of ages and abilities who benefit from information being presented visually, including those with intellectual disability, acquired disabilities and memory difficulties to promote independent functioning, positive behaviour or to improve social or communication skills.
Video modelling can either be:
- of others, for example a peer, performing the desirable task;
- of the person themselves (video self monitoring);
- or from the point of view of the person (as if being filmed by the person).
When developing a video modelling intervention, you need to:
- Identify the skill you want to focus on: Prioritise and define the target skill and collect baseline data. Focus on one skill per video but it helps to have more than one video developed to reflect different settings, models and scripts as it assists with skill generalisation.
- Produce the videos: Get input from the team and peers about the script and get permission from the family to develop the video. Reduce the background distractions in the video and model the behaviours slowly and clearly.
- Implement the intervention: Rehearse the video regularly, in the appropriate setting and before you want the behaviour to be exhibited. Then provide opportunities for practice. It also helps for the person to be able to independently view this as a way of rehearsing and generalising.
The beauty of having a mobile device such as the iPad to do this means that we can now use the built-in camera to capture video so easily. But even better, we can use powerful video editing apps such as iMovie, to cut out the parts that you don’t want to model, add an audio narrative and soundtrack to create a professional looking and more importantly, engaging video modelling intervention that is motivating for the individual.
For more information check out the webinar, “Successfully using iPads to create video modelling interventions” as part of the Spectronics Online subscription where we guide you through using video editing apps such as iMovie, and creation apps such as Videolicious and Autismate to create engaging video modelling interventions easily and efficiently with an in-depth demonstration for you to view and learn the editing features of iMovie in more detail.
There is a fabulous online resource from Exceptional Children by Ganz, J. et. al. that can be found here.
There are also some great blog posts on video modelling and some alternatives for creating video modelling interventions using different platforms at the Systems of Support Blog by Jason Carroll and Jason Gibson.
Wikipedia also have some general information on Video Modelling.